At the time of menstruation, women not only experience physical symptoms, such as pain or cramps in the stomach but also emotional symptoms. One of the emotional symptoms commonly felt by women during menstruation is a bad mood.
The bad mood during menstruation is actually the effect of premenstrual syndrome (PMS), which generally occurs from 1-2 weeks before menstruation.
Bad mood usually has existed from this time span and stops on the 2nd day of menstruation. However, during menstruation, a bad mood can be worse because it is accompanied by physical symptoms that cause discomfort.
Estrogen Hormone Relation With Your Period
Changes in the PMS mood caused by the rise and fall of estrogen levels in the body. This level of the hormone estrogen is highest during the release of an egg or ovulation.
If fertilization doesn’t occur during ovulation, you will go into the premenstrual period. It is during this time that your estrogen levels will drop dramatically before finally increasing again.
Estrogen has many effects on the body. With regards to mood, this hormone can affect the production and effect of endorphins, the elements in the brain that cause comfort and pleasure. Estrogen will also increase serotonin levels which play a role in appetite, mood, and sleep patterns.
The effect of the hormone estrogen on each woman can be different. Some women can be more sensitive to changes in estrogen levels later in the month than other women. This group of women is most prone to experiencing a bad mood during menstruation.
Apart from the menstrual cycle, being under stress, anxiety, depression, or being on a diet are several other factors that can affect the fluctuation of the hormone estrogen.
Tips for Maintaining a Stable Mood During Menstruation
Although it may always happen to you, changes in mood during menstruation are not uncontrollable. Here are some things you can do to keep your mood more stable during your period:
- Do regular exercise, especially during the premenstrual period.
- Drink lots of water.
- Avoid smoking and alcoholic beverages.
- Avoid consuming foods and drinks that contain caffeine, such as coffee and tea.
- Eat healthy snacks on the sidelines of your main meal schedule.
- Consumption of low-fat milk to meet calcium and vitamin D needs.
Also, in the period before and during your period, as much as possible limit yourself from unnecessary debates, especially regarding sensitive matters such as financial issues or personal relationships.
Try to apply some of the tips above to prevent a bad mood during your period, while maintaining excellent stamina.
However, if your PMS symptoms have greatly interfered with your daily activities, you should consult your doctor about this, including if these symptoms don’t disappear until a few days after your period.