Scalp Acne and Pimples are often painful and bothersome, especially when combing hair. This condition can be caused by various things and to overcome them, there are several easy ways you can do it at home.
Scalp Acne or folliculitis occurs when pores or hair follicles become blocked and inflamed due to a bacterial, fungal, or mite infection. This condition is usually characterized by a red lump and sometimes accompanied by pus in the middle.
Acne that appears on the head will usually cause a burning and itching feeling. If left untreated, pimples that break on the scalp can cause scabs or scars to go bald.
Factors that cause Scalp Acne and Pimples
The following are some of the habits that cause clogged pores of the scalp, which can lead to acne:
- Lack of maintaining the cleanliness of hair and scalp
- Wash your hair immediately after exercising or traveling outside the home
- Using hair care products that don’t match the scalp.
- A lot of scalp sweating, for example from wearing too long a hat or helmet
- Also, several types of diseases, such as diabetes, leukemia, and HIV / AIDS, are also known to increase the risk
Treating Scalp Acne and Pimples at Home
Scalp Acne that is small and not inflamed generally goes away on its own and doesn’t require special treatment. However, so that Scalp Acne can disappear quickly, you can apply the following methods:
1. Routinely keep the hair and scalp clean
Keeping the hair and scalp clean is the most effective way to make scalp acne disappear quickly. Wash your hair and scalp 2 times a day with clean water and shampoo. Make sure the shampoo product used is suitable for your scalp type so that it does not cause scalp acne.
For mild and moderate Scalp Acne, you can try shampoo products that contain salicylic acid, glycolic acid, and ketoconazole or ciclopirox.
Salicylic acid and glycolic acid can exfoliate dead skin cells and kill bacteria. Meanwhile, ketoconazole or ciclopirox can eradicate the fungus that grows on the scalp.
If your scalp is sensitive, choose a shampoo with gentle chemicals that don’t irritate your skin. These shampoos are usually labeled hypoallergenic.
2. Avoid using hair care products excessively
If acne appears on the scalp, you are advised to reduce or even avoid using hair care products, such as hair oil and hairspray. These products usually contain ingredients that can cause blockages in the pores of the scalp, making the pimples worse.
3. Use a compress of saltwater
Compressing the scalp with warm salt water is known to be effective in dealing with acne on the head. Wipe the scalp with warm water mixed with 1 teaspoon of salt before shampooing. Apart from warm saltwater, you can also try using white vinegar or baking soda.
4. Avoid popping pimples
It is important that you also need to remember is to avoid popping pimples using your fingers or any tools. This can actually cause pimples to become inflamed and lead to infection.
Also, avoid shaving for a while until the pimples get smaller, especially if you use an electric haircut. This is done to prevent the risk of injury or infection if the pimple breaks as a result of being exposed to the razor.
Get rid of scalp Acne and Pimples with Doctor’s Handling
If the various methods above have been done but the acne on the head doesn’t go away, you should immediately consult a doctor. Direct handling by a doctor should also be done if the acne on the head is severe and causes hair loss.
To treat severe acne on the head, the doctor will usually prescribe drugs such as antibiotics, corticosteroids, and isotretinoin. If the cause of acne on the head is a fungal infection, the doctor will give you an antifungal medication. These drugs can be given in the form of oral or topical drugs.
In addition, your doctor will also recommend that you undergo light therapy and acne extraction to clean your pores and get rid of pimples.
Steps to Prevent Acne on the Head
Here are some ways you can do to prevent acne on the head:
- Clean your hair and scalp regularly, especially after work, exercise, and wearing a hat or head covering.
- Use a hair and scalp cleanser that is mild and gentle.
- Keep the bed clean by changing pillowcases and bed sheets regularly to avoid mites that can infect the scalp and trigger acne.
Apart from certain habits, acne on the head can also appear due to diseases of the scalp, such as skin cysts, abscesses on the scalp, and seborrheic dermatitis.
Therefore, immediately consult a dermatologist to find out the exact cause of scalp acne that appears. Thus, appropriate handling can be done according to the conditions you are experiencing.