The characteristics of a weak heart or Cardiomyopathy may not be felt at first. Symptoms of this condition usually only appear when it gets worse. Therefore, it is important to recognize the characteristics of a weak heart so that it can be detected early and treatment can be done immediately.
Weak heart or cardiomyopathy is a condition that occurs when the heart muscle is weakened so that it can’t pump blood around the body properly.
Cardiomyopathy often has no known cause. However, several factors can make a person more at risk of developing a weak heart, including:
- Elderly (over 65 years)
- Family history or the elderly who suffer from a cardiomyopathy
- Side effects of drugs
- Smoking and consumption of alcoholic beverages
- Certain diseases, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and infections
If not treated immediately, this heart disease will cause it to fail heart and even death.
Symptoms of Weak Heart Muscle
In the early stages, the symptoms of a weak heart are usually not clear or even asymptomatic. When it enters a more advanced stage or is already severe, the features of a new heart weakness will be noticed and can be felt. The following are the characteristics:
- Swelling of the legs, ankles, stomach, and blood vessels in the neck
- Tired easily and tired
- Often coughing when lying down
- Very fast heartbeat and pounding
- Chest feeling heavy or depressed
- Dizziness and headaches
- Shortness of breath
- Frequent fainting, especially after physical activity
Treatment of Cardiomyopathy Conditions
To determine whether the symptoms you are experiencing are a sign of a weak heart, you need to see a doctor. In diagnosing a weak heart, the doctor will perform a physical examination and supporting examinations, such as:
- Electrocardiogram (EKG)
- Blood test
- Heart angiography
- Chest X-ray
- Biopsy of the heart muscle
After the diagnosis of weak heart disease is confirmed, the treatment will be adjusted to the severity of the symptoms, the course of the disease, and any comorbidities the sufferer has. Handling of cardiomyopathy can be done using drugs or through heart surgery.
Measures to Prevent Weak Heart
Weak heart generally cannot be prevented, especially if the cause is genetic or hereditary factors. However, the risk of getting this disease can be reduced by adopting a healthy lifestyle, such as:
- Do not consume alcoholic drinks and drugs Regularly
- check blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels
- Adequate sleep time
- Control stress
- Do regular exercise
- Eating healthy and nutritionally balanced foods
If you experience the symptoms or are at risk of developing cardiomyopathy, don’t hesitate to consult a doctor so that examination and treatment can be done promptly and accurately.
Another thing that you need to remember is that heart disease can affect anyone, whether the elderly, adults, or children. Therefore, you must always be on your guard.