Agitation is a feeling of restlessness, irritation, and anger that can generally make you pacing or wringing your hands non-stop. In certain situations, it is normal. However, agitation can also be a sign of mental health problems.
In general, agitation is a symptom of a mood disorder that occurs in response to stress. It cannot be denied that there are various pressures or events in life that can disturb our feelings or thoughts, be it from work, school, or a partner. In this situation, it is normal.
In Some Situations, Agitation Isn’t Normal
However, sometimes agitation can also occur without any trigger. Usually, this is caused by a conscious physical or mental health problem. This kind of agitation can come on suddenly and be brief or come on slowly and last a long time.
Various Symptoms of Agitation
Usually, agitation is an episode characterized by the following general symptoms:
- Feelings of discomfort or uneasiness
- Excessive speech
- Unintentional and aimless movements, such as pacing or tugging at one’s own clothes
- Uncooperative or unresponsive to others
- Easy to take offense
- Speaks or even threatens
Not everyone is experiencing agitation will show an attitude like the one above. This depends on the severity of the agitation.
Agitation Is A Symptom That Needs To Be Treated If Triggered By This Condition
As stated earlier, agitation is a normal emotional expression when we are under stress. However, beware if agitation often comes suddenly or even lasts a long time, because it could be a trigger:
Schizophrenia causes sufferers to have difficulty distinguishing reality from their own thoughts. Besides, this disorder can also cause hallucinations that make him feel threatened.
These things can certainly disturb the calm of a schizophrenic person so that eventually agitation occurs.
2. Bipolar disorder, depression, and anxiety disorders
These three conditions can cause drastic changes in a person’s emotions and energy levels. One of the symptoms that can arise is agitation.
In addition to it, people with bipolar disorder, depression, and anxiety disorders also usually experience other symptoms, such as difficulty sleeping, sleeping too much, alcoholism, diet changes, or even suicidal thoughts.
3. Hormonal imbalance
The cause of agitation to watch out for is a hormonal imbalance, such as hypothyroidism. In this condition, the body lacks thyroid hormone, so the brain and body organs do not work as effectively as usual.
Symptoms that can occur include trouble concentrating, constipation, depression, anxiety, and fatigue, all of which can lead to agitation.
Hormonal changes when menstruation approaches can also cause severe mood disorders or premenstrual dysphoric disorder. This condition can cause a person to be agitated, to cry constantly, to forget easily, to feel very tired, and even to have problems with work or relationships.
4. Autism disorder
Anyone will feel uneasy if they can not express what’s on their mind. That is why people with autism are prone to agitation, even to behave aggressively. This is because people with autism basically have problems expressing feelings or communicating.
5. Dependence and withdrawal symptoms
Alcoholics generally use alcohol as a sedative. As a result, when he does not get alcohol intake, he will be agitated or agitated. At that time, he may also experience nausea, cold sweat, trembling, hallucinations, vomiting, and even seizures.
Apart from the causes of agitation mentioned above, it can also occur due to Alzheimer’s disease, dementia, and disorders of the nervous system, such as brain tumors. Meanwhile, if a person is agitated but seems unaware of their surroundings, they may be suffering from delirium.
Agitation is a normal condition. But if you often experience symptoms for no apparent reason, you should immediately consult a psychologist or psychiatrist to find out the underlying cause and get the right treatment.